augmented intelligence certification algorithms to run from our phones and other consumer devices without needing to talk to the cloud. With tiny AI, researchers shrink the size of existing AI models through a process called knowledge distillation without losing any of the algorithm’s capabilities or performance speed. The benefits of having access to AI algorithms from our devices include not experiencing latency because there is no communication with the cloud, and there are less privacy issues. Google, IBM, Apple, and Amazon are leaders with this technology.</p> ;<p>3. AI-Discovered Molecules</p> ;<p>In a nod to the power of humans and machines collaborating, scientists are using AI to discover molecules that can have an amazing impact on healthcare. Recently, machine learning was used to<a href="https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00018-3" target="_blank" class="color-link" title="https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00018-3" rel="nofollow noopener noreferrer" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00018-3" aria-label="identify a powerful new type of antibiotic"> identify a powerful new type of antibiotic</a><span>. This is the first time AI was able to identify a completely new kind of antibiotic from scratch. It’s extremely expensive to develop a new drug in part because it’s a challenge to identify molecules. With AI on the job, millions of molecules can be evaluated quickly and effectively.</span></p> ;<div class="vestpocket" vest-pocket></div> ;<p>4. Quantum Supremacy</p> ;<p>While we are likely five to 10 years away from achieving quantum supremacy, when a quantum computer can outperform a classical computer,<a href="https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-50154993" target="_blank" class="color-link" title="https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-50154993" rel="nofollow noopener noreferrer" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-50154993" aria-label="Google claimed it has already achieved this milestone"> Google claimed it has already achieved this milestone</a><span> with its Sycamore quantum processor. Sycamore was able to determine a set of randomly distributed numbers in three minutes and 20 seconds (the company estimated it would take a classical computer 10,000 years to complete the task). While this feat was impressive, they acknowledged that we are years (if not decades) away from having a quantum computer that can solve problems we’re interested in solving—those problems that classical computers can’t manage.</span></p> ;<p>5. Climate Change Attribution</p> ;<p>As a result of improved computer processing power, scientists are now able to attribute the role of climate change in severe weather events. This knowledge helps us figure out how to prepare for future events as well as gives evidence to hold governments or corporations responsible for damage done by severe weather events caused by climate change. Climate change attribution informs the conversation and climate litigation that is becoming more prevalent as climate change causes weather events that result in property and lives lost.</p> ;<p>6. Anti-Aging Drugs</p> ;<p>While the fountain of youth might still elude us, we’re getting closer to having anti-aging drugs on the market. Many different diseases, such as cancer, dementia, and heart disease, could be improved or prevented if we can slow down the aging process. These drugs would target a natural aging process in the body. There has already been some success with these drugs in human tests.</p> ;<p>7. Unhackable Internet</p> ;<p>As recent news reports convey, the internet we use today is vulnerable to hackers. There are people working on creating the first quantum internet, which would be completely secure from hackers. One of the organizations working to achieve an unhackable internet is the Delft University of Technology, which is expected to complete a quantum internet between Delft and the Hague later this year. The basis of a quantum internet, entanglement, ensures security—it’s physically impossible to eavesdrop when two users are on an entangled network. </p> ;<p>8. Digital Money</p> ;<p>The use of physical cash continues to decline as digital currencies grow. Digital money only exists in digital form, and this has big ramifications for financial privacy. Along with benefits such as instantaneous transactions, it also might mean transacting through a new intermediary or cutting out traditional intermediaries altogether. In the case of cryptocurrencies using blockchain technology, the money supply is decentralized and can come through various sources. Digital currency technology has the potential to splinter the global financial system.</p> ;<p>9. Hyper-Personalized Medicine</p> ;<p>Imagine that you can get a drug that was customized for a rare disease or genetic mutation. This capability is no longer only a figment of someone’s imagination—it’s possible. When medicine is tailored to the exact needs of a single patient, it will make treatment and cures possible for ailments that went untreated in the past. Hyper-personalized medicine will bring hope to many who suffered from incurable diseases.</p> ;<p>10. Differential Privacy</p> ;<p>Differential privacy will be used in the 2020 US Census—the largest-scale application to date. Differential privacy allows organizations to collect and share aggregate information about users from data that was submitted or gathered while keeping the identities of the individuals private. The goal is to maximize the use of the data while not harming the individual’s privacy. With differential privacy, the raw data cannot be accessed by data scientists or database managers. Differential privacy gives organizations a way to solve the privacy problem as well as build trust.</p> ;<p>Check out MIT Technology Review’s full report on the <a href="https://www.technologyreview.com/lists/technologies/2020/" target="_blank" class="color-link" title="https://www.technologyreview.com/lists/technologies/2020/" rel="nofollow noopener noreferrer" data-ga-track="ExternalLink:https://www.technologyreview.com/lists/technologies/2020/" aria-label="10 breakthrough technologies of 2020">10 breakthrough technologies of 2020</a><span>. </span></p> ;<p></p> ;<p>You might also be interested in my rundown of the top 7 tech trends for 2020 in this video:</p> ;<div class="embed-base embedly-align "> ; <fbs-embedly style="padding-bottom: 56.21%;" iframe-src="https://cdn.embedly.com/widgets/media.html?src=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fembed%2FdNoeqow9RZM%3Fstart%3D66%26feature%3Doembed%26start%3D66&display_name=YouTube&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DdNoeqow9RZM&image=https%3A%2F%2Fi.ytimg.com%2Fvi%2FdNoeqow9RZM%2Fhqdefault.jpg&key=3ce26dc7e3454db5820ba084d28b4935&type=text%2Fhtml&schema=youtube"></fbs-embedly> ;</div> ;<div id=""></div>”>
It is the time of 12 months when the MIT Engineering Evaluate releases its largest breakthrough technologies for the calendar year. These are systems that are envisioned to have prevalent implications for human everyday living in the coming yr.
Here’s a rundown of the astounding technologies for 2020:
1. Satellite Mega-Constellations
The impetus guiding satellite mega-constellations is the intention to present every corner of the earth with substantial-speed online. Satellite mega-constellations are the answer to banish spotty Wi-Fi indicators and cellular connections. When enabling global connectivity for approximately anyone on the planet, these satellite mega-constellations will also litter area and significantly maximize the selection of satellites in orbit extremely quickly. Without a set of worldwide regulations and polices governing how field leaders these types of as SpaceX, OneWeb, Amazon, and Telesat run, this technological breakthrough could result in chaos.
2. Tiny AI
It truly is now attainable for highly effective augmented intelligence certification algorithms to operate from our phones and other buyer products without the need of needing to chat to the cloud. With tiny AI, researchers shrink the dimension of existing AI products by means of a procedure called expertise distillation without losing any of the algorithm’s abilities or overall performance speed. The benefits of obtaining obtain to AI algorithms from our equipment incorporate not suffering from latency due to the fact there is no conversation with the cloud, and there are much less privacy concerns. Google, IBM, Apple, and Amazon are leaders with this technological know-how.
3. AI-Identified Molecules
In a nod to the ability of human beings and machines collaborating, researchers are working with AI to uncover molecules that can have an awesome effects on healthcare. Recently, machine learning was utilized to determine a highly effective new kind of antibiotic. This is the initial time AI was ready to recognize a entirely new variety of antibiotic from scratch. It’s incredibly high-priced to produce a new drug in part because it’s a problem to recognize molecules. With AI on the career, hundreds of thousands of molecules can be evaluated promptly and properly.
4. Quantum Supremacy
While we are likely five to 10 decades away from acquiring quantum supremacy, when a quantum laptop or computer can outperform a classical personal computer, Google claimed it has now achieved this milestone with its Sycamore quantum processor. Sycamore was ready to ascertain a set of randomly distributed figures in a few minutes and 20 seconds (the firm estimated it would choose a classical laptop or computer 10,000 several years to full the task). When this feat was outstanding, they acknowledged that we are a long time (if not decades) absent from owning a quantum laptop or computer that can solve problems we’re fascinated in solving—those issues that classical computers cannot manage.
5. Climate Improve Attribution
As a consequence of improved laptop or computer processing electrical power, experts are now in a position to attribute the part of climate change in intense weather situations. This know-how can help us figure out how to get ready for foreseeable future events as effectively as offers proof to hold governments or businesses dependable for injury accomplished by intense climate situations caused by local weather adjust. Climate alter attribution informs the dialogue and local climate litigation that is turning out to be a lot more commonplace as weather alter results in climate events that consequence in residence and lives lost.
6. Anti-Growing old Medicines
Though the fountain of youth may well even now elude us, we are obtaining closer to getting anti-aging medicines on the market. Numerous unique disorders, this kind of as cancer, dementia, and coronary heart disease, could be improved or prevented if we can slow down the growing old process. These medicines would focus on a organic growing older method in the body. There has previously been some accomplishment with these prescription drugs in human checks.
7. Unhackable World wide web
As latest information reports express, the net we use these days is susceptible to hackers. There are people functioning on building the initially quantum internet, which would be completely protected from hackers. Just one of the organizations operating to realize an unhackable world-wide-web is the Delft University of Technology, which is predicted to finish a quantum net between Delft and the Hague afterwards this year. The foundation of a quantum online, entanglement, makes sure security—it’s physically impossible to eavesdrop when two end users are on an entangled network.
8. Digital Income
The use of physical income continues to decline as digital currencies improve. Digital money only exists in digital variety, and this has significant ramifications for monetary privateness. Alongside with rewards these types of as instantaneous transactions, it also may imply transacting via a new intermediary or chopping out common intermediaries completely. In the circumstance of cryptocurrencies working with blockchain technological know-how, the funds provide is decentralized and can occur by way of different sources. Digital forex technology…